What are they?
Stem cells are basic types of cells which have the ability to form different structures such as cartilage, bone and many more. Adult or Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSC) can be used to repair or regenerate damaged tissues.
Where Do They Come From?
Mesenchymal Stem Cells can be harvested from various locations in the body including bone marrow, adipose tissue (fat) and peripheral blood. We use cells from the bone marrow as they can be used in their natural state and do not need any chemical treatments. We harvest them from the thigh bone and spin them in a centrifuge to concentrate them.
Where Can They Be Used?
The treatment is carried out keyhole (hip arthroscopy) and unlike other techniques, involves a single procedure. The damaged area of cartilage is prepared so that it is ready to receive the stem cells. Depending on the size of the area, the stem cells are either injected directly on to it or impregnated into a biological scaffold which is then used to fill the defect. The most common area of damage is the socket of the hip. It can be used for head damage, but that may not be as successful.